Polio is a disease affecting the nervous system, sometimes causing paralysis. Physical therapy was used to treat patients whose brain stem and spinal cord had been affected by polio leading to paralysis, muscular atrophy and permanent deformities.
How does physical therapy help polio?
Physical therapy plays an important role in rehabilitation for patients with poliomyelitis. Patients with muscle paralysis benefit from frequent passive range of motion (PROM) and splinting of joints to prevent contracture and joint ankylosis.
Does exercise help post polio syndrome?
If you have Post Polio Syndrome (PPS), it’s vital to exercise moderately every second day to keep the muscles we have and avoid obesity, diabetes, stroke and heart disease. Exercise also helps us accomplish more of those activities of daily living and can improve how we feel.
What were are some of the therapies used to treat polio victims?
Supportive treatments include:
- Pain relievers.
- Portable ventilators to assist breathing.
- Moderate exercise (physical therapy) to prevent deformity and loss of muscle function.
What is the most effective treatment against polio?
Treatment and prevention
There is no cure for polio, only treatment to alleviate the symptoms. Heat and physical therapy is used to stimulate the muscles and antispasmodic drugs are given to relax the muscles. While this can improve mobility, it cannot reverse permanent polio paralysis.
How did PT originate?
The year was 435 BC when Hippocrates began advocating the use of massage, hydrotherapy, and manual therapy techniques to treat his patients. This is believed to have been the very first origins of what would become today’s physical therapy.
How does polio affect the body?
Polio is a viral disease which may affect the spinal cord causing muscle weakness and paralysis. The polio virus enters the body through the mouth, usually from hands contaminated with the stool of an infected person.
How can I strengthen my polio legs?
Seated in a chair with arms, lean back and try to straighten out your right knee and lift your foot up as high as you can. Lower the right foot and do the same exercise with your left leg. Complete five repetitions with each leg.
Can you walk with polio?
Polio often paralyzed or severely weakened the legs of those who contracted the disease. Regaining the ability to walk was thus a significant measure of recovery from the disease. However, walking meant more than the physical act itself.
Why does polio affect the legs?
Related to this is the possible shortening of the limb. In a growing child, bone grows as a result of the muscle pull on it and/or weight bearing. Therefore, many who contracted polio as a growing child may have one arm or leg or foot that is shorter and smaller than the non-affected/less affected limb.
How did doctors treat polio?
A ventilator (a device that helps you breathe) Physical therapy that can help keep your muscles working. Bed rest and fluids for flu-like symptoms. Antispasmodic medications to relax muscles.
How did they get rid of polio?
Thanks to the polio vaccine, dedicated health care professionals, and parents who vaccinate their children on schedule, polio has been eliminated in this country for more than 30 years. This means that there is no year-round transmission of poliovirus in the United States.
What animal did polio come from?
The discovery by Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper in 1908 that polio was caused by a virus, a discovery made by inoculating macaque monkeys with an extract of nervous tissue from polio victims that was shown to be free of other infectious agents.
What country did polio come from?
The first epidemics appeared in the form of outbreaks of at least 14 cases near Oslo, Norway, in 1868 and of 13 cases in northern Sweden in 1881. About the same time the idea began to be suggested that the hitherto sporadic cases of infantile paralysis might be contagious.